Anyone looking to do a mobile install should definitely check out the K∅BG Guide. In it, Alan K0BG details most aspects of a mobile ham installation job including electrical and mechanical safety, decoupling, RFI reduction and more.
However – being short on time and money and having my fingers crossed for a near-term vehicle change – we didn’t want to get too involved with a mobile installation. Of course, when doing any kind of installation, all appropriate safety measures should be taken.
The car has an auxiliary jack and cigarette lighter in the unused ashtray shelf, both of which only ever get used for charging cell phones or running an FM transmitter. However, the car fire picture on K0BG’s site made it pretty clear that this might not be a great idea.
My initial intention was to wire straight to the battery, as is customary, with the wires going through the firewall/passenger footwell via the boot through which the rest of the wiring goes. This sounded like a great idea until I peeled back the carpet, located the boot and discovered that the fasteners needed to be removed from the exterior… and that those fasteners were not only rusted on from years of road gunk and brine exposure, but were also tucked too tightly behind the steering rack to get a wrench on to. This is probably a situation where a wire insertion tool would have been great to get the wires through the firewall.
Many vehicles, especially those with production models used for public safety – like Ford Crown Vics, Chevrolet Impalas and Tahoes, Dodge Chargers, etc. – are designed from the outset with installing aftermarket electronics like radios, computer equipment and more. Undoing two clips and pulling the kick panel fastener (these are handy, if you like them, but I’ve never had a problem just pulling them out by with fingers and/or needle-nose pliers), gives us access to a convenient 20A fused power drop plug meant just for this purpose. The four-pin plug has a ground lead, a serial data lead, an always-hot 12V lead and a 12V lead that is switched with the key. To prevent a bonehead move like leaving the radio on and killing the battery, I chose the switched lead. I chopped the switched power and ground leads out of the connector and directly soldered the radio power cord to those wires.
As a side note, having the kick panel removed is also a great opportunity to fix the heater in the car. If your car heater only works on some speeds but not others, the culprit is very likely to be a faulty heater resistor, which is right next door to the power drop. In this car, speeds 0-2 (1-3 on the dial) went out first, leaving only speeds 3 and 4 (4 and 5 on the dial). More recently, the fourth speed went out, leaving us with only the blast furnace-like top setting, over which no conversation or radio could ever hope to be heard. With a fresh AC Delco 15-80571 heater resistor in hand, getting the heater system back to normal is relatively easy. Two birds, one stone, and no more putting off either task.
With the heater resistor replaced and the power cable now attached to the factory power drop, we can stuff the excess cable into the kick panel and put the carpet back in place over top if it, making sure, of course, to leave enough hanging out to reach the radio. Again, since Impalas are marketed as police cruisers, there are a number of consoles and other mounting devices from folks like Gramber Johnson, Havis or Jotto that would work. We opted for a slimmer DIY contraption similar to what a hump mount would yield to mount the Kenwood TM-281.
Since we hope to change vehicles before too long (and because the radio isn’t always in the car), we also opted out of poking fresh holes in the roof for an NMO mount, instead going with a Tram 1185 mag-mount antenna. In this configuration, we can get out pretty well, talking to distant repeaters and with other motorists via simplex with no hot wires, no reports of alternator hum, and no other noticeable issues. If you remember the traffic on I71 coming back from the 2014 Dayton Hamvention, we talked simplex to a Swedish operator most of the way back, including while we caught up with and then zoomed past him on US42 while he was stuck on I71. I liked the 1185 enough to get my parents one for Christmas this year, in fact.
Since I chose the switched power drop connection, I can leave the radio on all the time so it comes alive when I start the car and goes off when I shut the car off. It transmits at the full 65W when the car is running, but the radio will restart if you try to transmit with the car off. The low power 25W mode works fine without the car running, but you may drain your battery quickly.